Background: With the loss of moral capital, man becomes a virtual human being and a one-dimensional being and loses his main assets, including social capital. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide a model of social capital based on its components, especially ethical capital in regional electricity companies in Iran.
Method: This research was applied in terms of purpose and in the category of descriptive-exploratory research. The statistical population of the study included experts including experts, managers and university professors in the field of human resources (quality department) and senior managers of regional power companies in Iran (quantitative department) from which 32 people were randomly selected as a sample. The research instrument was a researcher-made interview and a questionnaire, and the structural-interpretive modeling test and the MICMAC test using Excel and MATLAB software were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that among the identified factors for social capital in electricity companies are ethical indicators and components such as: reward system, behavioral etiquette, values, organizational justice, professional ethics and norms and norms. They had an independent role and influenced mediating and dependent factors. Ethical components such as: meritocracy, teamwork, ethical requirements, trust, rule of law, responsibility, organizational affiliation, identity and solidarity and cohesion had a mediating or communication role, and at the lowest level, the indicators of network relations and its configuration, the day-to-day value of the company, the amount of costs, party affiliation, international organizations, and common language and codes all play a dependent role, influenced by independent and mediating factors.
Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be said that the regulation of appropriate behavioral etiquette, the existence of organizational justice in the organization, the existence of an effective reward system, the creation of appropriate values and common norms to strengthen factors such as trust, rule of law, teamwork, ethics Professionalism, meritocracy, social responsibility, organizational affiliation, etc. will help, which ultimately improve the performance of the organization to improve indicators such as the day value of the company, reduce company costs, participation within the organization, etc.