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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2013) ::
2013, 8(3): 68-79 Back to browse issues page
The Models of Preventing Unethical Behaviors and Reinforcing Organizational Citizenship Behaviors At Workplaces
Abstract:   (2426 Views)
Background: This research was conducted with the aim of investigating two models, one for preventing unethical behaviors, and the other for reinforcing organizational citizenship behaviors at workplaces. These two categories of behaviors are very important negative and positive behaviors for workplaces.
Methods: Research statistical population were all the employees (male and female) of an productive Company in the summer of 1389 (360 persons). Among the employees of this company, 263 persons were selected from the employees list, on the basis of stratified sampling, with the use of random method. Instruments which were used in this research were the unethical behaviors questionnaire with 23 items (α=0/97), organizational citizenship behaviors questionnaire with 9 items (α=0/9), psychological contract questionnaire with 6 items (α=0/87), job satisfaction questionnaire with 3 items (α=0/88) and organizational commitment with 3 items (α=0/76). Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling.
Results: Results of structural equation modeling revealed that, through a series of multilevel relations, firstly psychological contract impact on job satisfaction and organizational commitment, then job satisfaction and organizational commitment, decrease unethical behaviors and increase organizational citizenship behaviors.
Conclusion: On the basis of these research findings, it could be said that, involvement to psychological contract principles, resulted in more satisfaction and commitment among employees. The consequence of this higher satisfaction and commitment are the increase of organization citizenship behaviors and decrease of unethical behaviors.
 
Keywords: Behaviors, Citizenship Behaviors, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, Psychological Contract, Unethical Organizational
Full-Text [PDF 183 kb]   (503 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/18 | Accepted: 2017/09/18 | Published: 2017/09/18
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The Models of Preventing Unethical Behaviors and Reinforcing Organizational Citizenship Behaviors At Workplaces. Ethics in Science and Technology 2013; 8 (3) :68-79
URL: http://ethicsjournal.ir/article-1-642-en.html


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Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2013) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه اخلاق در علوم و فناوری Ethics in Science and Technology
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